Research has shown, that you are three times more likely to see deer during hours with above average Weather and Wildlife ratings, and that you will see on average seven times the number of deer. Similar results have been observed for many other game animals and fish.
Best Time of the Day charts are based on solar and lunar events that cycle during each day. The chart shows each hour of the day graphically and its numerical rating. The hours with the higher rating have a greater combination of solar and lunar influence and thus a higher probability of heightened wildlife activity. Each of the various individual solar and lunar effects or periods will have an independent influence on wildlife activity, however the hours in which multiple effects occur are the ones that have the higher ratings and as a result, game animals are more likely to be active.
The graphics In Weather and Wildlife are designed to quickly illustrate the hours that occur during the time of visible daylight in addition to the position of the moon during each hour. Sunrise and set are also indicated on the chart. As with the Best Day of the Month, this chart allows you to see how each hour compares to other hours within the day. The monthly influences that determine the intensity of these daily influences are rated elsewhere. Best time ratings should not be compared day to day to determine the best day. There is also a “combined rating” that is displayed on the Best Time of the Day chart. This combined rating includes both the rating for that day added to the rating for the specific hour that the cursor is placed on. This “combined rating” gives a better indication as to the total intensity for that exact hour.
All Weather and Wildlife charts are specific for your location. To specify or change a location for hunting or fishing, simply click on the location and enter its zip code. The Best Time of the Day can also be checked for any day of the month for any year (past or present).
Declination and Diurnal Inequality occurs each month during the lunar cycle. Weather and Wildlife charts are more accurate because they are the only charts that use diurnal inequality to determining the Best Time of the Day ratings.
Declination is the advancing and declining of the moon each month to its highest and lowest point in the sky. The highest or the maximum lunar declination is often called “high moon”. The moon's orbit does not follow the earth’s equator. In fact its orbit is tilted in two different planes a total of 28.5° from the earth’s equator. As a result at some point in its orbit, the moon will be 28.5° above the equator and approximately two weeks later it will be 28.5° below it. This advancing and retreating from these two points is what is called lunar declination. When the moon is at its maximum declination, its influence is greater than at other times.
Diurnal inequality is when the changing lunar declination causes other moon effects to be either more or less intense. Most solunar tables are based entirely on daily transit times. A few tables include a "high moon" effect with no consideration of declination, thereby erroneously making all activity times on a specific date have a higher or lower rating than they should. For example, for everyone living in the northern hemisphere “high moon” occurs when the overhead moon reaches latitude of 28.5°. However 12 hours later when the earth has rotated 180°, the moon is now underfoot and its alignment with that same location is now poor. In about two week the reverse will be true, the underfoot moon will be in good alignment with the overhead moon in poor alignment. Only Weather and Wildlife algorithms and charts factor-in changing lunar declination to determine ratings.
Anyone who has used solunar tables (sun and moon), moon tables, lunar times or astro tables to predict wildlife feeding activity is probably familiar with the terms "major activity" and "minor activity" periods. These periods are also often referred to as "excellent" or "good" times. These major or excellent times occur with the moon overhead or moon underfoot and the minor times follow the major times by approximately 6 hours. The lunar event from which each of these times is calculated is called "transit". Transit is the daily point at which the moon passes the meridian at that specific location. Transit occurs sometime between moonrise and moonset.
The other lunar event that affects the intensity of the feeding activity periods is the distance that the moon is from the earth. The point at which the moon is nearest the earth and exerts its greatest influence is called “perigee” and the point it is furthest away is “apogee”.
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